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Transition Q & A: Andrew Miller

Posted on August 21, 2014 by

Andrew Miller earned a PhD in history from Johns Hopkins University in 2005. He currently manages a transit policy office for the Ontario Ministry of Transportation. Find him online at andrew-miller.me.

What did you hope for in terms of employment as you completed your PhD?

Unsurprisingly, I hoped for a tenure-track job, although I must admit those hopes weren’t fervent. I’d felt a creeping dissatisfaction with academia throughout the last few years of my stint in grad school. Partly this was because it seemed to me that my views on my particular subfield — Native American history — were distinctly unfashionable and as a consequence I suspected my work would never be taken seriously. But mostly this was because the part of the work that I really enjoyed, teaching undergraduates, seemed to me to be regarded, by academia at large, as epiphenomenal to the work of the tenured professor. Certainly a year of stringing together sessional jobs did nothing to change my views on the latter.

I distinctly remember one morning, shortly before I had to commute up the highway to teach a class, looking over the day’s mail. One of the items was a public notice from the municipality informing citizens of a local public-transit infrastructure project that was underway. I read it with absorption, and thought to myself that if I could have another life, I’d want to spend it working on urban planning and public-transit advocacy.

Then, of course, I realized that I would only have one life, and I’d better spend it working on the things I enjoyed.

What was your first post-PhD job?

If we exclude the sessional work, my first post-PhD job was working as a junior policy analyst for the Ontario Ministry of Infrastructure. It might be worth explaining how I got that job: following my epiphany that this was a line of work I wanted to get into, I consulted with an old friend from undergrad days who was a civil servant. He in turn set me up with an informational interview with another civil servant who also held a PhD. He introduced me to what the life would be like. At his suggestion, I applied for an entry-level job that was advertised in the newspaper. It took two interviews and a lengthy test, but I got the position.

As a policy analyst, the meat of my work was receiving requests from other parts of the government for funding to build new public infrastructure, and making recommendations to Cabinet on which requests should receive funding and which should be rejected.

The “Government World” is a very different place from “Academic World”, and it took me some time to figure out the new norms. “Academic World” wanted you to get it right, no matter how much time it took; “Government World” wanted you to get it right quickly, such that a good answer today was better than a perfect answer tomorrow. “Academic World” valued originality; “Government World” valued consistency. In “Academic World”, using someone else’s words without attribution is the serious crime of “plagiarism”; in “Government World”, it’s the best practice of “using approved language.” “Academic World” had little use for teamwork; “Government World” required it. And so on. Learning how to flourish in this new environment took some effort, but it paid off in the end.

What do you do now?

I’ve just finished my eighth year as a civil servant, during which time I’ve risen through the ranks from junior policy analyst, to senior policy analyst, to policy team lead. I recently broke through to senior management, having just finished a year-long contract as manager of a transit-policy office for the Ministry of Transportation. For the past seven years, I’ve worked exclusively on public transit.

It’s been an exciting ride; though I always found transit issues to be inherently interesting. Since 2007 I’ve seen public transit rise to be one of the overriding issues of the day, to the point where it was a key issue in the most recent provincial election and looks to be the most important issue in the Toronto mayoral election that will be held this fall. It’s an exciting time to be working on the transit file in Ontario!

What kind of tasks do you do on a daily and weekly basis?

As an analyst, my job was to research issues, develop proposals, and make recommendations that senior management would mull over. As a manager, my work is now very different: helping my staff get the information and resources they need to do their jobs, reviewing the proposals that my staff develop, and connecting with other parts of government to ensure that elected officials are getting accurate, up-to-date, and consistent information.

As a manager especially, but also as a policy analyst, this has meant I do far less reading and contemplating, and far more e-mailing and making phone calls, than I did as an academic.

What most surprises you about your job?

Let me tell you instead about something that doesn’t surprise me anymore, but did when I came on board: how much success in government requires securing cooperation from people in other offices or ministries. The provincial government is huge and each office here has its own mission and purpose. Often, to do your job, you’ll need cooperation from some other office, but that office can’t be compelled to assist; they’ve got their own work to do, and putting it aside to assist you puts you ahead but them behind. So doing your job right requires you to persuade other people to help you even when it may not be in their best interests. This requires well-developed people skills! It also requires you to work hard to help other people when they come to you, so that they’ll be willing to pick up the phone when you need them.

What are your favourite parts of your job?

I love public transit policy. This is the realm where government meets citizen in the most visible, regular way. Sure, health policy and law enforcement can affect people profoundly, but most citizens encounter these instances of government rarely. But each commuter is affected by government policy on transit and highway matters every day, and the decisions government takes can vastly increase or decrease their quality of life. Helping the government to get these matters right is immensely satisfying to me.

What would you change about it if you could?

I find the pace of policy work frustrating. In 1861, the city of Toronto decided to implement streetcar service in the city; two lines entered into operation that year. If any government in Canada made a similar decision today, the lag between decision and implementation would be more like a decade.

As irritating as that lag is, it exists for good reason: governments today correctly weigh many more factors when making transit policy. What will be the impact on the environment? On affected residents? On users? How much will the project cost? How much benefit will be gained? What’s the opportunity cost of proceeding with this project? This more thoughtful approach, one that makes sure that affected parties are consulted, leads to better public policy . . . but it means making policy takes much longer than it once did. If I could keep all the benefits while speeding up the process, I would.

What’s next for you?

This fall, I’ll be leaving the Ontario public service and joining the team at the city of Mississauga, where I’ll be taking on the role of (ahem) strategic leader. I’ll be helping the city to deliver a comprehensive land use and transportation master plan for key corridors in Mississauga, a plan that will certainly consider the ways that high-order transit could contribute to city-building. It’s an exciting opportunity and I’m looking forward to it!

What advice or thoughts do you have for post-PhDs in transition now?

  1. If you’ve finished a PhD in the humanities or social sciences (and presumably in other fields as well), you are disciplined, detail-oriented, patient, capable of making and assessing evidence-based arguments, and a skilled project manager (what else is a dissertation, after all)? People with these skills are in demand; there is no manager who wouldn’t want more people like this on their team. You have the skills to succeed outside academia.
  2. Given the ratio of PhDs produced annually to the available tenure-track jobs, it’s not enough to be smart and hard-working to gain a career in academia; you must also be lucky, and no one can choose to be lucky. Leaving academia to pursue other careers does not constitute failure.
  3. There are plenty of smart and erudite people where I work, and plenty of demanding, interesting, and important problems to solve. Leaving academia does not mean giving up the “life of the mind,” whatever that is.
  4. There is a lot of practical advice I give to PhDs looking for work outside of academia, but the single most important piece of it is this: outside of academia, it’s not credentials that matter, but skills. Employers are more interested in what you can do than what laurels you’ve earned. So the first step in turning a CV into a resume is to focus not on what you’ve achieved, but what you know how to do. And as (1) above suggests, you know how to do more things than you think!

Transition Q & A: Bruce Harpham

Posted on August 6, 2014 by

Bruce Harpham earned his MA in history from Western University, as well as a master’s of information studies from the University of Toronto. He’s currently a senior financial analyst at the Bank of Montreal. Find him online at Project Management Hacks and follow him on Twitter @PMPhacks.

When you finished your MA, what did you plan to do next?

I immediately started my second Master’s degree in information studies at the University of Toronto. While there, I had a very ambitious study program. I completed the Book History and Print Culture program and wrote a Master’s thesis on net neutrality. I love books and the Internet and simply couldn’t choose between the two of them.

What did you want to do after earning your library degree?

I was interested in finding a role where I could do research and publishing such as a librarian role at a university. To that end, I had a job interview at the University of Saskatchewan in 2009. In the end I did not receive an offer, and that worked out for the best. I love living in Toronto and I have no plans to move at this point.

What was your first job after your library degree?

I landed a contract consultant role at University of Toronto Asset Management (UTAM) in the fall of 2009. That role was my first introduction to the financial industry. Lehman Brothers had collapsed a year earlier and the financial world was in serious turmoil.

I found the entire industry fascinating. Ironically, it was never an industry I considered during my university studies. Since then, I’ve taken the Canadian Securities Course and several other financial courses to advance my knowledge of the industry.

What do you do now?

My current role is senior financial analyst at the Bank of Montreal in downtown Toronto. I am based in a department called Supplier Relationship Management that manages suppliers that provide service to the bank.

What kind of tasks do you do on a daily and weekly basis?

Do you know Microsoft Excel? Every day, I spend hours in Excel organizing and analyzing financial data. Other tasks include identifying and correcting errors in invoices, financial reports and related materials. I also have responsibilities to manage invoice processing for some of the department’s largest suppliers such as Canada Post. My role – like everyone else at the bank – also includes risk management. In fact, the constant focus on risk management is one of the reasons that no Canadian banks failed during the 2008-2009 financial crisis.

About half of my responsibilities occur on a repeating schedule. For example, there are weekly and monthly invoices to be paid. The invoices are often quite complex (one monthly invoice is 75 pages long) so close reading is necessary to ensure they are in good order. In addition, there are some project meetings from time to time where I work with vendors or other departments of the bank on various initiatives.

What most surprises you about your job?

I’m constantly impressed by my colleagues’ depth of knowledge and expertise. Some of them have direct experience in managing statements, overseeing cheque processing and supervising mail operations. They have built excellent processes to manage risk and keep everything working smoothly.

What are your favourite parts of your job?

I enjoy implementing projects that have a clear, measurable result. For example, I implemented several cost reduction plans that have saved over $300,000 in 2013. It feels great to make a contribution to the organization’s bottom line. I also enjoy the creativity of identifying a problem and designing a project to improve the situation.

What would you change about it if you could?

I would increase the number of projects and innovation – that’s what excites me. There are certain routine tasks in finance work – e.g. preparing monthly accounts – that are necessary but not quite exciting. It would be great to attend one or two professional conferences a year.

What’s next for you, career-wise?

I started the Project Management Hacks website recently. On the website, I provide productivity and project management articles based on my corporate experience and study. In the long term, I plan to offer digital courses for sale on the site.

What advice or thoughts do you have for MAs (or PhDs) in transition now?

I have plenty of suggestions but I’ll limit myself to three for now. These are based on my own study and experience.

  • Suggestion 1. Set aside time and $10-$20 each month to meet new people for coffee and expand your network. Harvey McKay has a great quote about networking – “Dig Your Well Before You’re Thirsty.” Specifically, I recommend looking at Meetup.com and joining at least one professional association (many have great membership rates for students).
  • Suggestion 2. Read these two books to develop your skills further. First read Getting Things Done by David Allen for the best productivity system I’ve ever encountered. Next, read Never Eat Alone: And Other Secrets to Success, One Relationship at a Time by Keith Ferrazzi and Tahl Raz for excellent guidance and tips on the art of networking.
  • Suggestion 3. Meet with alumni from your program and ask them about their careers. Most universities publish alumni magazines (here is the great University of Toronto magazine, for example) – these publications are a great resource for finding interesting alumni to meet.

Coaching graduate students

Posted on July 28, 2014 by

On my new LinkedIn group (called From PhD to Life, natch), Laura Graham asked me what I thought were “the greatest areas of need” when it came to working with graduate students. At first, I responded briefly: I am a coach, not an editor or mentor-for-hire, which means I take a non-directive approach, and that it was difficult to generalize. Well, yes, but what an unhelpful answer! So a few hours later I responded more fully, reflecting on my own experience coaching graduate students.

Here’s an edited version of what I wrote about the main issues that have come up in my coaching work:

  1. Taking control. Graduate students often don’t feel in control of their lives. Part of my work as a coach is to help clients take and feel they are in charge by making changes to habits, mindset, and embracing who they really are. This isn’t something that comes from me, but follows from the client taking steps in the right direction.
  2. Building good habits. Doing a thesis or dissertation is very difficult, but not for the reasons we tend to think. The biggest challenge is often the deceptively simple matter of establishing good basic habits. Getting a dissertation done isn’t intellectually insurmountable, but it takes commitment to ongoing work, at least some of which is tedious. Procrastination must be seen for what it is — aversive behaviour, usually — and tackled in appropriate ways.
  3. Goal setting. This is crucial, and often graduate students get overwhelmed by the work ahead of them. The key is to break tasks down into smaller and smaller bits until those bits take very little time and energy to complete. Coaching can help clients come up with those bits, and commit to doing them.
  4. Gremlins! Inner critics abound, and get in the way. “I’m not good at…,” “I could never…,” “I’m a procrastinator,” imposter syndrome. Noting when an inner critic is in the way and coming up with strategies for silencing it when needed is very important. Inner critics bedevil anyone taking risks and doing new things. The competitiveness and criticism that is a normal part of academic life feeds into negative self-talk and personal fears. Coaching can help clients notice when their gremlins are causing harm, and realize what they are saying isn’t true.
  5. Uncertainty about the future. This crops up more for my PhD-in-hand clients and ABDs on the job market. Not knowing where one will be living or what one will be doing causes stress and anxiety. Spending time during and in-between calls on what is certain can help. A client’s own values, strengths, and lifestyle priorities and goals frame a coaching relationship. My agenda as a coach is to help clients embrace who they are, and get them living in accordance with their values, strengths, and desires. When we feel more rooted, we feel better able to take the risks we need to.
  6. Being vs. doing. So much of our language, both inside and outside academia, equates what we do with who we are. “I’m a graduate student” or “I’m an unemployed PhD” or “I’m a failed academic.” When one’s identity is wrapped up in one’s job, the criticism and career uncertainty that comes with doing a PhD is more than professionally challenging — it’s personally damaging. One outcome of the coaching process is identity re-crafting. My clients may be doing PhDs but that’s not who they are. Who they are at a deeper level transcends what they do, and endures despite the ups and downs of life.

What do you think? What’s your experience working with graduate students, or doing a graduate degree yourself?

Transition Q & A: Christine Slocum

Posted on July 16, 2014 by

​Christine Slocum earned her MA in sociology at the University at Buffalo in 2010. She spent two years pursuing a doctorate in sociology at the University of Washington before leaving that to begin a career working to alleviate homelessness. She is employed as one of the data nerds at the Homeless Alliance of Western New York. ​You can follow her on Twitter at @ChristineLSloc and read her reflections on social justice and faith at ChristineSlocum.net.

You left your PhD program before finishing. Why?

​I left because, in retrospect, I was burned out. It was beginning to feel like I was in some weird life purgatory where the PhD was an obstacle to complete before I lived the rest of my life. I realized that was silly. After some soul searching, I remembered that the reason I was pursuing sociology in the first place was to better understand the mechanisms of social stratification because I wanted to better understand how to undo it. ​Four years of graduate study (two for my MA at the University at Buffalo, two towards a PhD at the University of Washington) and I felt like I had enough that the next five years would be better spent working for an NGO, nonprofit, or government position getting practical experience in the field.

I left because I was participating in vibrant intellectual communities elsewhere: the Internet, my church group, friends. I did not feel that I needed academia to fulfill that part of my life.

I also left because it did not feel right. I stopped loving what I was doing. I did not fit in with the culture of the department, and I found that the amount of workaholism I needed to do in order to be academically successful came at the detriment of other facets of life. I am married, I have a lot of other interests, and I had a lot of friends who were living fulfilling lives outside of academia. My husband has been nothing but a fountain of support — and he really pushed me to be sure that I was leaving for the right reasons. He also was my sanity when I was in graduate school, keeping me from getting swallowed by that world. He was a graduate student once too, so he got it. I was finding that I related to my non-academic friends far more than I did to any of the graduate students.

The last reason I left was because I wanted to have children sooner rather than later, and supporting them on $12K (UW sociology’s yearly graduate stipend after university fees were deducted) plus my husband’s salary seemed crazy. I wanted kids and financial stability more than a PhD. I was done.

What did you hope for in terms of employment?

​Well, initially I pursued my job search as an adventure and an opportunity to have a new experience. I’ve had a lot of jobs, most for brief periods of time. I figured it worse came to worst, if I hated the job it would be material for my writing. ​I wanted something new, something in nonprofits, and a stable paycheck.

What was your first post-graduate school job?

​I was a certification coordinator for the Shelter Plus Care program administered by Plymouth Housing Group i​n Seattle, Washington. Shelter Plus Care is a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (known as HUD) program designed to house homeless individuals (and their families) who are disabled by mental illness, chronic chemical dependency, or HIV/AIDS. It is a voucher that pays the remaining rent on a unit after they pay 30 percent of their income. Plymouth Housing Group is a nonprofit that otherwise operates 13 buildings that provide permanent housing for nearly 1,000 now-formerly homeless individuals. It’s a really neat organization, and they make a huge difference in the lives of those who live there.

What do you do now?

​After my daughter was born, my husband and I decided we wanted to live closer to our families. Circumstances made a move sensible: Seattle’s childcare exceeded my salary, so I quit. The start-up that my husband worked for restructured, and he was laid off with a generous severance package. We moved to Syracuse, New York, and lived with my family for seven months unsuccessfully seeking full-time work. We then moved to Buffalo where we found work after only three months. In the interim, I freelanced as a copyeditor, tutored math and worked part-time for a soup kitchen until finding my current position at the Homeless Alliance of Western New York.

I have been working at the Homeless Alliance since May. I do a bit of everything that I find interesting: assisting the administration of the Continuum of Care grants (another HUD program), helping to administer a database used by all HUD grant recipients​ in Western New York, helping to analyze that data, and I am researching best practices in creating some HUD-required assessment tools. There is a lot of variability, which is fantastic. For instance, I have sat in on decision-making committees, created a mapping tool to assist outreach workers in my community, and I administer the website. My agency, with others in the community, are implementing a system-wide change in how homelessness services are distributed. The big-picture, structural thinking that comes naturally to sociologists is proving to be crucial in my work as part of this process.

It was a year and three days between my last day at Plymouth and my first day at the Homeless Alliance. Transitions can take a lot of time.

What most surprises you about your job?

​I am astonished that it exists. I am drawing from all of my experiences in this work, whereas every other position that I’ve had was not as challenging or as interesting as this one has been so far.

What are your favourite parts of your job?

​I love that, at the end of the day, my work is exclusively oriented towards providing the best possible homelessness alleviation services in Buffalo, and that the skills I acquired in graduate school and life help me to do this.​

What would you change about it if you could?

​This will sound very silly . . . but the size of the women’s restroom in the office! It’s a small organization that rents offices from a larger nonprofit. I bicycle to work, and changing into professional clothes in the very tiny restroom is a bit tricky.

I consider the above complaint to be a sign that I am very lucky.​

What’s next for you, career-wise?

​I am planning to stay at this organization for the foreseeable future. I am very weary of short job stints and want to be at a place for years. My goal right now is to become as much of a subject matter expert in homelessness in Western New York, and become really good at my job. I get a lot of satisfaction from the pursuit of perfection. I hope to concurrently get involved in other parts of the Buffalo community​.

What advice or thoughts do you have for MAs, ABDs, and PhDs in transition now?

​Regarding a job search:

  1. Be very open-minded. I think some facets of graduate school socialize you into seeing the world in a more narrow way. This is true of career possibilities. Seems like folks discuss the available career options are either research or retail, if you fail. The world is full of things that need to be done. Perhaps you have the skills needed to do it.
  2. Do a lot of things. Having a lot of experiences to draw from expands your potential.
  3. Have a compelling narrative of why you left graduate school and make sure it is as positive as possible. You are making a positive career pivot because of passion, opportunity, or some other realization. Even if you are experiencing the reasons you left graduate school as negative, there is always a way to reframe it. A terrible experience showed you the ways something could be better.
  4. Don’t wait for external validation before offering your services for something. I taught myself copyediting. I taught myself how to administer websites. I started telling other people that I would do these things and found work that way. These were decent sources of income while I was on my maternity leave.

Regarding the life switch:

  1. Do not view yourself as a failure. I view my nonexistent PhD as a consequence of living life fully and passionately . . . and having enough sense to realize when I need to re-evaluate my priorities. That was a victory of growth for me. The years are not wasted, they were experienced.
  2. Remember you’re a human being first. Be human for a while. Experience delicious food, free time, and cuddles from your significant other. Practise being present in the moment. Don’t worry about success or failure.
  3. Take the long view. This too will pass.

​​Goodness though, my life right now is so wonderful. I feel really lucky, and I am glad I made the choices that I did.​

Feeling rooted in the midst of uncertainty

Posted on June 25, 2014 by

I’m in the midst of packing up my apartment in anticipation of a move on Monday. “In the midst” is how I often feel these days in terms of my business building. I’m learning and gathering and thinking. It feels like I’m preparing for something, but I haven’t quite figured out what it is.

Much is uncertain. I don’t think I can make a living solely from individual coaching. It’s intense work: incredibly rewarding and fun but I only have so much of this kind of energy. That being the case, I need to figure out other ways of earning money. I have vague plans to create a course or structured coaching group. If I ran enough of these with enough people enrolled, I might be able to succeed in this business. This is one idea, of many.

Another option — one that may become a necessity — is to get a job. I say this with only a very small sigh. I would like to make it on my own, but that’s my ego talking. I know that if in a year or two I decided to look for more certain employment I’d be in a much better position to do so than I was a year ago, before launching my coaching business. Let me tell you why.

First, I know myself much better. This is crucial. I can list without hesitation values that are important to me (including inclusivity, honesty, curiosity, empathy, independence), and I know my own strengths (community building, listening and asking questions, telling stories, facilitating self-awareness in others, connecting). I also know what’s important to me in terms of my desired lifestyle. As long as I can do work (and have a life) that uses my strengths, honours my values, and provides me with the lifestyle I want, then I’ll be living the good-for-me life. The details — self-employment, working with academics, even coaching — are surface-level considerations.

Second, I know more about places and spaces that might be a good fit for me. There’s lots more exploring to do here, and I can focus more on this as I need to in future.

Third, I have a much larger network than I did before. I continue to do informational interviews and have conversations with colleagues (broadly-defined) and similarly-minded folk. If I decide to launch a job search down the road, I can step up these efforts even more. Knowing people is nearly a requirement to securing employment. I hear and read this again and again, and I know it’s usually been true for me in the past.

When it comes to core issues, much is certain. Knowing this roots me when it starts to feel like everything is up in the air (and in boxes in the living room).

Twitter chats as public outreach and engagement

Posted on June 18, 2014 by

Every couple of weeks I host a Twitter chat using the hashtag #withaPhD. I pick a topic in advance (or have a guest co-host choose one) and come the appointed hour we see who’s online and take it from there.

These Twitter chats are fun, engaging, and meaningful for me. I connect with graduate students, professors, and other working professionals with PhDs from around the world. We ask questions, provide answers, suggest and advise; we share insights and resources; we crowd-source information; we commiserate and celebrate. Anyone can join in or read our tweets, and I archive each chat using Storify.

There must be thousands of graduate students, professors, and higher ed professionals who participate in Twitter chats of various kinds. In addition to my own #withaPhD chat (Mondays, noon-1 p.m. EST), I’ve participated in Jeffrey Keefer’s #AdjunctChat (Tuesdays, 4-5 p.m. EST) and #Femlead (on hiatus). The team behind PhD2Published.com hosts #Acwri (“academic writing”) twice every fortnight (to capture tweeters at opposite sides of the globe). On Tuesdays at 8-9 p.m. EST, Alice Keeler hosts #profchat. This week’s edition brought together higher ed teachers to discuss rubrics. Postdocs and newer professors will want to check out #ECRchat (“early career researcher”) every two weeks. #PhDchat began as a structured chat at a specific time; now the hashtag is widely used to share information and discuss issues relevant to PhD students. Let me stop here; just know that there are many other potentially relevant-to-you chats.

Tweeting with other users is enjoyable for me: the hour goes by fast! These chats are also good marketing and market research tools. They put me in contact with potential clients who might otherwise not come across my website or get a sense of what I do. These chats also put me in touch with colleagues and others with whom I might later connect with one-on-one. Twitter is a key component of my public outreach, helping me build my brand, showcase my expertise, and begin to make meaningful connections. Twitter chats are invitations to engagement with me and my business.

What about you? Have you participated in or hosted Twitter chats? What’s been your experience? Add your favourite chats to the comments!

Transition Q & A: Carolyn Harris

Posted on June 11, 2014 by

Carolyn Harris earned her PhD in history from Queen’s University in 2012. She is now an instructor in history at the University of Toronto, School of Continuing Studies, a freelance history writer, and royal commentator. Read her writing and interviews online at RoyalHistorian.com and follow her @royalhistorian.

What did you hope for in terms of employment as you completed your PhD?

In 2011, the year before I completed my PhD, Prince William married Kate Middleton. The media were looking for experts who could discuss the history of the monarchy, particularly the history of royal weddings. My dissertation compares Queen Henrietta Maria during the English Civil Wars to Queen Marie Antoinette during the French Revolution so I had done a lot of research concerning 17th and 18th century court culture. I also had a strong interest in the monarchy and royal history more generally and read a lot about these topics in my spare time.

One of the professors in the history department at Queen’s University recommended me for some print media interviews at the beginning of April, 2011. When these interviews went well, Queen’s media and communications began pitching my expertise to media outlets. The day before the royal wedding, I had my first live TV interview, as a panelist on TVO’s The Agenda with Steve Paikin.

As I completed my PhD, I was aware of the shortage of tenure-track history professor job openings, particularly in Canada. Opportunities to provide royal commentary, however, continued to come my way. I really enjoy my media work and writing and decided to pursue a career as a freelance historian. I set up my website and Twitter feed in February 2012, a couple months before my PhD defense.

What was your first post-PhD job?

The Queen celebrated her Diamond Jubilee in 2012 and there was a lot of Canadian popular interest in her six decades on the throne and role in Canada’s history. I proposed and wrote a four part series of articles on the Queen in Canada for the Kingston Whig-Standard newspaper. I also provided commentary regarding the Diamond Jubilee celebrations for CBC radio. The Diamond Jubilee celebrations including a royal visit to Canada by the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall took place in the weeks between my PhD defense, in early May 2012 and my wedding, in mid-June 2012. It was a busy time!

What do you do now? 

I teach history at the University of Toronto’s school of continuing studies. I also provide freelance royal commentary for a number of media outlets including the CBC and CTV. I write extensively on the historical context for current events. My work has been published in the Globe and Mail, Ottawa Citizen, BBC History Magazine, Smithsonian Magazine, Military History Monthly, and numerous other newspapers and magazines. I am currently contributing articles to the Canadian Encyclopedia and Magna Carta 2015 Canada. I guest lecture extensively on royal history in various venues including museums and libraries. Every year, I give a lecture series on a cruise ship. In 2012, I lectured my way across the Atlantic from Barcelona to Miami via the Caribbean. In 2013, I spoke on a Scandinavia and St. Petersburg cruise. This August, I will be spending a month at sea, giving talks as the ship sails from Copenhagen to Lisbon via the U.K., Ireland, France, Spain and Portugal.

What kind of tasks do you do on a daily and weekly basis?

The first thing I do each day is review current events, particularly royal news, looking for stories that would benefit from added historical context. I spend a lot of time reading, researching and writing. When there is a royal visit to Canada or another big event where I provide royal commentary, I spend time discussing interview content with TV and radio producers before going to the studio. I also spend time on social media. I tweet daily about articles I have read or written and post history facts of the day. I update my blog regularly with new content and updates about my work. There are also a lot of entrepreneurial tasks: writing article proposals, following up on article proposals, maintaining spreadsheets of freelance income targets and accruals, sending invoices and following up on them.

What most surprises you about your job?

The tremendous revival of interest in the monarchy in Canada during the time I have been a royal historian and commentator. I have always read books about royalty for fun but there was very little discussion and public awareness of the role and history of the Canadian monarchy when I was in the high school. With the 2010 royal visit by the Queen and Prince Philip, the 2011 wedding of Prince William and Kate Middleton and subsequent tour of Canada, the 2012 Diamond Jubilee and 2013 arrival of Prince George, Canadian popular interest in the monarchy has increased after decades of comparative indifference.

What are your favourite parts of your job?

The obvious answer to that question is cruise ship lecturing! In the fall of 2012, I had a job interview that began with a question about whether or not I was prone to seasickness and a couple months later, I was sailing out of Barcelona. You never know where a PhD will take you! I did a lot of traveling during my PhD including research trips to England, Wales, and France and attending a conference in Ireland. I applied to do cruise ship lecturing because I wanted to continue to travel widely after my PhD.

In addition to travel, I love reading, writing, and talking about history and my job provides me with plenty of opportunities to do all these things. I look forward to Mondays because I am passionate about the work I do.

What would you change about it if you could?

Freelancing is inherently unpredictable. That can be exciting but it also means that while I am working on one project, I am pursuing the next one. There are times when I would prefer to concentrate all my attention on my writing and lecturing but I always have to keep an eye on the business and marketing side of things to ensure steady work and a steady freelance income in addition to my teaching.

What’s next for you, career-wise?

I am in the process of getting a book published based on my dissertation, comparing perceptions of Henrietta Maria and Marie Antoinette as wives and mothers during the English Civil Wars and French Revolution, respectively. In the past year, I contributed a book chapter, “Royalty at Rideau Hall: Lord Lorne, Princess Louise and the Emergence of the Canadian Crown” to Canada and the Crown: Essays on Constitutional Monarchy, edited by D. Michael Jackson and Philippe Lagassé. I would like to expand this research eventually into a full biography of Princess Louise, focusing on her years living in Canada and influence on Canadian history.

What advice or thoughts do you have for post-PhDs in transition now?

Be prepared to walk off the beaten path and be open to new experiences. The focus of a PhD is usually training for a traditional academic position but there are many other careers that make use of the writing and critical thinking skills honed in graduate school. Talk to as many fellow PhDs as possible about their experiences and read all the other Q&As on this blog. Engage in lifelong learning and professional development. In addition to teaching at the University of Toronto School of Continuing Studies, I have also taken courses there including “The Business of Freelance Writing” and “Breaking Into the Periodical Market” where I have learned a lot of useful skills for expanding my freelance work. The PhD should be the beginning of a lifetime of learning, not the end.

Transition Q & A: Patrick Vitalone

Posted on June 4, 2014 by

Patrick Vitalone earned his MA in modern European history from the University of York. He is a start-up technology professional from Boston currently living in San Francisco. Patrick focuses on company growth on the U.S. East Coast, and in Europe and the Middle East. He mainly writes on nationalism, business and economics, and his research has been featured on the BBC in the United Kingdom, as well as the History Channel in the U.S. and Europe. Patrick has studied politics and nationalism since he was a young teenager, finding an early fascination in the rise of such French figures as Maximilien Robespierre and Napoleon Bonaparte. He is also very keen on the early American political disputes between the Federalists of his homeland and the Anti-Federalists of the Mid-Atlantic and South. He has a particular fondness for Alexander Hamilton.

You can contact Patrick on Twitter at @patrickvitalone, or by email at pmvitalone@gmail.com. You may also find additional writing on his personal website at www.vitalo.me.

When you finished your MA, what did you plan to do next?

My original plan was to go on to a history PhD in either the UK or Italy, which would have taken me three additional years. I did my MA in the UK, which took one year. I like the U.S. university system, but, given my MA studies, it didn’t make sense to do an American PhD as the program is, on average, about five to seven years with an MA built in.

The reports of an abysmal academic job market and conditions for newly minted PhDs scared me off.

What was your first post-MA job, and how did you get it?

Aside from bartending at upscale establishments, which I had been doing off and on for five years prior, my first research job was for the BBC’s “Who Do You Think You Are?” I was living in Salem, Massachusetts, and a fellow grad from York had moved to London to work in television. One of the show’s guests had an ancestor with alleged ties to the Salem witch trials, so it just made sense to recruit me. I had the archival research skills, and was living on location. I used that to my advantage when negotiating pay. It was a lot of fun. I travelled not only to the archives, but also historic sights around Essex County, Massachusetts. It really gave me a new appreciation for the area where I grew up.

What do you do now?

I work for a technology start-up in San Francisco focusing on growth into the East Coast of the U.S., Europe, and the Middle East. A far cry from history at first glance, but strangely enough my historical and political interests around nationalism segue quite nicely into developing company messaging and marketing.

What kind of tasks do you do on a daily and weekly basis?

I research prospective companies who would benefit from our product, and expose them to the technology. It’s full-cycle sales, which requires sourcing companies, potential buyers, and the negotiating contracts and price. On the marketing side, we set up events and conferences, attend, and “evangelize” our product, and use social media to acquire customers in a less targeted manner. I head up East Coast and EMEA growth for the company. Europeans in particular really appreciate working with someone who is passionate about their history and culture. I think it’s rare that they run into an American who can place Lichtenstein on a map.

What most surprises you about your job?

I would say the technology industry as a whole. Living in San Francisco/Silicon Valley, I’m on the front lines of the latest technologies and which of those receive venture capital funding. What’s most surprising is that there’s no one formula or silver bullet for success, aside from the obvious hard work. Even then, apps can fail. Sometimes the most obscure ideas become the most successful, and the ones that seem like a no-brainer fail completely. It’s wild. There is no place like San Francisco on earth.

What are your favourite parts of your job?

I love messaging, both verbal and written. There’s something about a young technology that is so pristine and uncorrupted by extensive corporatization. When a product or company goes public, the focus shifts from the technology’s original value to immediate quarterly results. In a start-up, nothing is developed or figured out. The founders know why it works, but crafting that message isn’t there yet. I’m a thinker and communicator at heart, half right brained, half left, and my career helps me to utilize those skills in the most robust way possible.

What would you change about it if you could?

In business and life as a whole, probably politics. I am fortunate in that it doesn’t really exist at my company, although that could change once the company becomes much larger.

I think organizations need to focus on results, and that’s it. Forget formalizing process, forget schmoozing, or making people feel important because you might need them later. Call me crass, but I don’t care much for people’s feelings in the workplace. I’m respectful, but my main concern is about making a product or company succeed. I am not the most savvy when it comes to internal politics. In fact, I usually don’t like the people who are experts at politics. They seem a bit slimey to me.

What’s next for you, career-wise?

I’m always busying myself with both work and side-projects, so lots actually!

I think I’ll stay in technology for a while. There could be a potential MBA on the horizon. I really enjoy marketing and the EMEA territory, so I may move back to Europe to purse that at some point. I like SDA Bocconi’s Global Executive MBA program (in Italy), and the London School of Business as well.

None of this is guaranteed, though. I really, truly enjoy living in San Francisco. I also really enjoy working in very young, early stage start-ups. In these environments, an MBA doesn’t make sense. The MBA degree in the start-up community is a bit stodgy, and has a reputation of being counterproductive as far as innovation is concerned.

What advice or thoughts do you have for MAs (or PhDs) in transition now?

Think about the industry or company you seek to join, and how the degree you have benefits that industry or company. Everything is a sell. In order to sell successfully, you have to understand who you are speaking with. I succeeded in technology sales and marketing because I understood the connection with my MA. I studied people, and their behaviour. Surely, tech founders want their growth teams to understand the behaviour of people!

Why job hunting is like an election campaign

Posted on May 21, 2014 by

It’s election season here in Ontario. Where I live, the lawn signs went up a few days ago, and the campaign offices are up and running, their outsides and insides plastered with oange (NDP) and red (Liberal). On my walk home from the library just now, I noticed one home sporting two election signs, one for each of the top two contenders. I was struck by the duelling loyalties expressed on this neighbour’s lawn, and my thoughts turned to my own work.

When finishing PhD candidates and new grads think about what comes next, they often do so in terms of a binary: academic or non-academic employment. Choosing to focus your energies on one seems to preclude paying much attention to the other. But of course, like an election campaign, you need not decide until it comes time to cast your vote / sign your employment contract. And even then, election results, like most jobs, are only good until the next campaign / opportunity.

People who find themselves in transition can engage in the job search process without limiting their options. Why? Figuring out what to do and then setting out to do it requires a significant amount of inner work, often before you get networking and applying for jobs in earnest. Knowing what’s important to you and where your greatest potential lies will help ground you and show the way forward, both for your own benefit and that of a potential employer.

Any job seeker is better off knowing who she is in the world. Knowing your values and strengths, favourite skills, top priorities, and main interests helps no matter where you wind up being employed. Let’s use me as an example. I consider myself to be a community builder. What that means is that I’m happiest — I experience high well-being — when I can be part of and help create a positive, supportive, collaborative community. If I were going on the academic job market in the fall I’d know to prioritize opportunities where that value would be honoured and embraced. If I were searching out other sorts of work, I’d do the same. No matter the other details of the job, I know that an absence of community would seriously undermine my well-being.

If you’re considering your options, know that you don’t have to cast your vote just yet. In the meantime, do as much research / inner work as you can so that when the time comes, you’ll be in a good position to make an informed choice.

Transition Q & A: Daniel Mullin

Posted on May 7, 2014 by

Daniel Mullin earned his PhD in philosophy from the Free University in Amsterdam. He’s now a salesperson and consultant. Find him online at The Unemployed Philosopher’s Blog and follow him @dmullin81.

What did you hope for in terms of employment as you completed your PhD?

As I was working on my PhD, I still had hopes of becoming a tenured professor. I did quite a bit of adjunct teaching during my PhD and thought that if I was lucky, and got my foot in the door, I would get a tenure track job eventually. Of course, that didn’t happen. Instead, I learned that most adjuncts never make it to the tenure track and they work for very little money. Once I realized that the odds of landing a tenure track job were low, and that adjunct teaching couldn’t support me financially, I started to think seriously about non-academic employment. I actually started blogging on this subject before I officially finished my PhD. By the time I had the degree in hand, I was well on my way down another career path. Ironically, I haven’t taught since I earned my PhD.

What was your first post-PhD job?

My first full-time post-PhD job is the one I have now. I currently work for a company that sells advertising and promotional products to other businesses. My official title is Accounts Manager but it’s essentially a sales position. I enjoy it. The closest continuity between my sales job and academia is the importance of being an effective communicator. The communication skills I developed in grad school serve me well in my new role. Despite the negative connotations that being a salesperson has in some quarters of the academy, good teachers are good salespeople. They have to sell their students on the importance of some very abstract ideas, which is much more difficult than selling a physical product. Another area of continuity is that salespeople are educators in a sense. Although there’s a lot more information parity between buyers and sellers than there used to be, a salesperson still has to educate prospective customers about the product and the potential benefits of the product. The greatest discontinuity, I would say, is that salespeople make much stronger claims than academics do. As a salesperson, I don’t qualify my claims with phrases like ‘I think’ or ‘I believe’; I make much more declarative statements, so I’ve had to unlearn that peculiar academic way of speaking.

What kind of tasks do you do on a daily and weekly basis?

I’m responsible for managing active accounts, reselling and up-selling existing customers, and also bringing in new business. I spend most of my time on the phone calling customers and following up leads. I make my sales presentation and process the orders. I have to meet weekly quotas and I’m paid commission on sales. That’s another thing I like about the job. There is no ceiling on the amount of money I can make: it’s entirely based on performance. There are very clear criteria for success or failure in sales. But it isn’t a sink or swim environment. I’m fortunate to work for a company that provides ongoing training and support for its employees. Some days, I feel like I’m taking a business course, because some of our coaching sessions have a classroom feel to them. Since I spent so much time as a student, I’m very comfortable in such a setting.

What most surprises you about your job?

Probably the continuities between my job and my academic background. Also, I’m surprised at my success so far and how well my skill set has translated into this new environment. I’ve often said on my blog that PhDs are capable of anything because our background uniquely equips us for a variety of tasks; however, until I started working in the so-called real world, that knowledge was, well, academic. It’s nice to know that it works in practice.

What are your favourite parts of your job?

I enjoy making sales. I think closing deals has given me a lot of confidence that I didn’t have before. There’s a certain excitement in knowing that I can take a customer from “Hello, my name is Dan” to “will that be Visa, Mastercard, or American Express?” Knowing that I can do that makes me more confident in other areas of my life. Of course, I also like the money and the fact that the job is based on performance. I think most academics are turned off by what they perceive as the greedy, capitalist business world. However, business is exciting and, ironically, much more based on merit than the academy. It’s a place where really bright people — like PhDs — are actually rewarded in monetary terms. We shouldn’t apologize for wanting to make money and have our hard work rewarded.

What would you change about it if you could?

Like any job, there are aspects I would change. Making cold calls can be a frustrating process because I encounter more rejection than I do selling to active or dormant customers with whom I have a previous business relationship. Sometimes people can be rude, but I press on and play the numbers. Statistically, a certain number of people will say “yes.” I realize that cold calling is a necessary part of the job, and when successful, pays the highest commission, but it’s my least favorite task.

What’s next for you, career-wise?

I’m happy where I am now. My dream, however, is to go into business for myself at some point as a business coach and consultant. I need to build up some business experience first, however, and I’ve thought about working in management consulting as a means to that end. But I’m quite happy to work in sales for a while and see where it takes me.

What advice or thoughts do you have for post-PhDs in transition now?

Don’t be intimidated by the business world. If you’ve earned a PhD, you’re pretty smart and won’t have any trouble in a business context. You’re essentially a professional student, so anything you don’t know, you can learn. Read a few business books. Some of them are better than others, but the point is to learn the language your audiences is speaking. Learn how to communicate effectively to non-academic recruiters. Then deploy your post-academic narrative which should be positive and stress the continuity between your skill set and the job. Then start making money and don’t look back. Seriously, don’t worry about being labelled a sell-out by your former colleagues. There’s no shame is looking after yourself and making a comfortable living. Finally — you’ll like this, Jen — hire a career coach who understands the transition process and can help you figure it out. Be patient with yourself, because the process takes time. But so does earning a PhD and you’ve already done that. Everything else is relatively easy.